The Kandy Esala Perahera

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The Most Historical Cultural procession of the World

Buddhist Literature unveils various pageants and festivities held in great honor of Lord Buddha. The perahara pageant concept became popular during the reign of Emperor Asoka of India. Kandy Perahara pageant really pageant which displays traditional customs. Majority of them been intermingled with the Buddhist and Hindu religious customs.

Yet they display and highlight the great value of the Sinhala culture. Most of the customs have taken from on statues stated in the “Dantha Dhathu Charitha” or “Dalada Siritha” (a book on the customs pertaining on the sacred Tooth Relic) Written during the regime of Parakramabahu IV (1302-1326) of Kurunagala.

The Dalada Siritha stated 38 statutes, on which a Perahara pageant should be conducted. Accordingly, the Shrine Room of the Sacred Tooth Relic should be cleaned at the auspicious hour. canopies should be tied, should be decorated beautifully with various silk clothes; The king team of ministers and general public of the city should make offering of rice, flowers and light oil lamps on the 7th day morning, the city should be decorated like the heaven on the same day evening, the chief priests of Uttara Mula Sect personnel of two castes Ganavesi and Kilin should move the Sacred Relic casked with utmost veneration.

These rites were performed annually. Even today rights were performed accordingly.


Time Line

  1. Old Ritual of Esala Perahera

    A ritual called the Esala Perahera is performed to askthe gods for rain.

    200 B.C.
  2. Tooth Relic is Brought to Sri Lanka

    The Sacred Tooth Relic of Buddha is transported from India to Sri Lanka 800 years after his death.

    300 A.D.
  3. ‘Fa Hien’

    The book of Chinese pilgrim ‘Fa Hien,’ who traveled to Sri Lanka in the fifth century A.D., contains the most illuminating account of the Esala Perehera.

    400 A.D.
  4. Custody of the Tooth Relic

    When the Kandyan kingdom is conquered by the British, the Buddhist clergy is given custody of the Tooth Relic.


The Kandy Esala Perahera Festival 2024

Here are the Scheduled Dates.


1st Kumbal Perahera

10th August 2024

06:06 PM

2nd Kumbal Perahera

11th August 2024

07:27 PM

03rd Kumbal Perahera

12th August 2024

07:22 PM

04th Kumbal Perahera

13th August 2024

07:20 PM

05th Kumbal Perahera

14th August 2024

07:15 PM

01st Randoli Perahera

15th August 2024

06:45 PM

02nd Randoli Perahera

16th August 2024

07:08 PM

03rd Randoli Perahera

17th August 2024

06:51 PM

04th Randoli Perahera

18th August 2024

06:40 PM

Final Randoli Perahera (The Grand Randoli Procession)

19th August 2024

06:57 PM

Diya Kapeema (The Water Cutting Ceremony)

20th August 2024

04:30 AM

Dahawal Perahera (The Day Procession)

20th August 2024

02:11 PM


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The Kandy Esala Perahera
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